Friday, June 5, 2020
According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), uncontrolled levels of blood glucose remains the basic problem in patients with diabetes (ADA 2014). To prevent complication such as neuropathy, nephropathy, cardiovascular diseases, visual impairment, lower extremity diseases, and amputations, ADA has recommended having proper glycemic control, physical activity, medication, patient self-monitoring of blood glucose (Arlington, 2017). However, studies by Arlington (2017) shows that if self-care activities are insufficient, hyperglycemia occurs, and patients are prone to diabetic complications. My institution, Overlake Hospital has a multidisciplinary diabetes inpatient team that include, endocrinologists, diabetes specialist podiatrist, nurses, wound care specialist, dietitian and social workers. Often patients expressed their concern and fear over not being able to self-manage their condition. Lack of knowledge on how to treat, lack of understanding of proper food choices, exercise regimen and overwhelming burden of this chronic disease causes depression. Our interdisciplinary team focuses on care for each and every individuals complex need and educate, train and support them so that they feel confident in managing their own when they discharge home. While patients are in our care, it is our responsibility to look into holistic components that these patients and help meet their need.Ã As a mother of Type I diabetic, a nurse and a diabetic educator(volunteer) diabetes education interests me the most. For this reason, I have chosen to research on nursing theories that help guide individuals diagnosed with DM who seeks medical attention. Through my experience, I have seen that compliance with diabetes care is the biggest issue among individuals. Many theories provide guidance for nurses on how to support these patients. This paper will demonstrate Kings theory of goal attainment that can be applied to the care of the adult with DM and Dorothy Orems self-care model to improve the quality of life with these individuals. Our unit focuses on Kings theory of goal attainment. However, in my opinion, Dorothy Orems self-care model will also be equally beneficial for these individuals. This paper will explain more about these theories.
Sunday, May 17, 2020
Throughout the 1960s, the Vietnam War created anger and hatred towards government officials. Some people believed that there was no good reason for the United States to go to war with Vietnam. However, the opposing side argued that one of the main reasons that factored into our involvement with the war was our obligation to stop the spread of communism. Presidents such as Lyndon B. Johnson, reiterated the domino theory that presumed that when one nation succumbed to communism, the others were likely to followÃ¢â¬ (Campbell). Should the United States have gone to war with North Vietnam? For anti-war protesters, the obvious reason was no; however, for the majority of government officials, the answer was yes. During WW2, Japan invadedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The Viet Cong thought that by doing this, the United States would back down after seeing what kind of power they had. They also thought that after the attack was launched, South Vietnam would want nothing to do with the Americans because they couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t protect themselves. The bomb went off, killing two Americans and injuring 64. After this event, American officials urged a counterattack on the Vietnamese (Axelrod). The two comrades that planned and carried out the attack left the scene unharmed. On December 27, the Viet Cong raided and attacked Binh Gia, in a rural district of South Vietnam. Four days later of December 31, the Viet Cong surrounded the U.S. Fourth Marine Battalion, which had previously marched to Binh Gia to help them in their defeat. The Viet Cong inflicted heavy casualties on the U.S. (Axelrod). After these events, Ambassador Maxwell Taylor of South Vietnam recommended immediate action against North Vietnam (Axelrod). Furthermore, in 1965, North Vietnam was accused of destroying two American Navy ships docked in the Gulf of Tonkin. Because of this alleged attack, President Johnson bombed targets in North Vietnam with the help of the new Tonkin Gulf Resolution that was passed by Congress on August 7 (Boscia). The Tonkin Gulf Resolution permitted President Johnson to take any precautions he thought were necessary to protect the American people. In MarchShow MoreRelatedAn Interview For The New York Times By Philip Roth1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmore potent was the impact of the Vietnam War. That was the most shattering national event of my adulthood. A brutal war went on and on-- went on longer than even that other great milestone, World War II- and brought with it social turbulence unlike anything since the Depression.Ã¢â¬ A self-described member of the most propagandized generationÃ¢â¬ , a product of World War II rhetoric, Cold War containment, and mass media, Philip Roth viewed the turbulence of the 1960s as an overtly demythologizing decadeRead MoreEssay on Protest Songs Throughout the Vietnam War1445 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout all the anti-war protests and marches during the Vietnam War, it is interesting to note the changes in the music of that time. From the beginning of the war, where support and loyalty from Americans was present in songs, to the end of the war, where anger and distrust was evident in musical lyrics, AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion changed about the war. This change in opinion was easily recognized by the altering of musical lyrics about the war when Americans grew tired of the constant sending of URead MoreAnalysis Of George Romero s Night Of The Living Dead 1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe map and express its purpose as a symbolic disapproval of the atrocities of Vietnam, Violent racism, and the hostility towards the civil rights movement. By the late 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s Americans were constantly made vulnerable to the fear of the Vietnam War. The nation did not need monsters to terrify them; the unhuman horrid images in the media were already doing that. This horror was created by mankind itself. The war created negative attitudes toward death and destruction, motivating Night of the LivingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Night Of The Living Dead 1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages 1968 was the year that North Vietnam launched the Tet Offensive against the United States and South Vietnam, the year that Martin Luther King JR and Robert Kennedy were assassinated, the year that started student protests and riots, the year that Black Power salute occurred and finally, the year that Night of the Living Dead came out. You may be wondering why a film would have anything to do with these historic events that occurred in 1968. Well, Night of the Living Dead is a zombie horrorRead MoreThe Vietnam War During The 20th Century Essay2391 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesVietnam War occurred in the 20th century was the longest war in the American history, aimed to stop the spread of the Communism of South East Asian . The United States had involved in the conflict in Vietnam as the global superpower following it triumph over the Axis forces in the Second World War, but left Vietnam with a mortifying lost, with a high level of casualty . The perennial and most grievous war created long-term aftermath and impacts on most perspectives of the American life from militaryRead MoreEssay on Rhetoric of Protest Songs1442 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesis The Cutty Wren from the PeasantsÃ¢â¬â¢ Revolt of 1381 against feudal oppression, nearly six hundred years ago (Songs of Work and Protest 9). Protest music has developed over the years and has made its presence in history. The protest music of Vietnam War is the concentration of this paper. The two main artists of focus are Bob Dylan and John Lennon. Their songs will be analyzed and criticized naritively. Bob Dylan was one of the most influential musicians of the time. Dylan was born in the fineRead More The Influence of Protest Music during the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s And Beyond Essay examples3816 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesThe 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s was one of the most controversial decades in American history because of not only the Vietnam War, but there was an outbreak of protests involving civil and social conditions all across college campuses. These protests have been taken to the extent where people either have died or have been seriously injured. However, during the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s, America saw a popular form of art known as protest music, which responded to the social turmoil of that era, from the civil rights movement to the war inRead MoreThe Civil Rights Movement Womens Liberation Movement Essay examples2309 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesHistory of Civil Rights Movement The 1960s brought about changes economically and socially. The Civil Rights Movement was alive and moving. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s goal was to hopefully put an end to racial discrimination and to restore voting rights in the South. Clearly the 60s was not the beginning of the fight for civil rights in America. The 18th century in the United State was plagued by hatred, racism and slavery. Slavery affected the entire nation. Slavery destroyed familiesRead MoreTelevision Has Made A Major Impact On Today s Society1922 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessociety and everywhere you go you see people watching television. The first successful television set was made in San Francisco, September 7, 1927 by a twenty-one year old inventor named, Philo Taylor Farnsworth(TV History). Farnsworth struggled a lot throughout his life and after many legal battles, Farnsworth died in debt from lawsuits in 1971(Philo T. Farnsworth). Almost ninety years later, a common family tradition is sitting a round the television set, watching the hit shows of the day. This traditionRead More War Protest Songs Essays4092 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesWar Protest Songs War, what is it good for? Some would say absolutely nothing. This is the recurring theme in protest songs from the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s through present day. This essay will show by comparing and contrasting songs from the Viet Nam era with the present day songs protesting war and the senselessness of going to war. The end result invariably is death for both sides. All of the songs, regardless of the setting and time focus on senseless death. The songs of the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s contained lyrics which
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction This forum post presents the Christological Approach to the Psalms and then describes the five major categories of Psalms relating to Jesus the Messiah: the (1) Royal Psalms, (2) Typological Ã¢â¬â Prophetic Psalms, (3) Prophetic Ã¢â¬â Typological Psalms, (4) Prophetic Ã¢â¬â Messianic Psalms, and (5) Eschatological Psalms. Christological Approach to the Psalms The Christological Approach to the Psalms is presented and described by Richard P. Belcher Jr. in his book The Messiah and the Psalms: Preaching Christ from all the Psalms. The Christological Approach to the Psalms is based on the hermeneutical principle Jesus taught in Luke 24:26-27, 44-47. Jesus, following his resurrection, was walking with two disciples and explained to them Ã¢â¬Å"These are My words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things which are written about Me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilledÃ¢â¬ (Luke 24:44). The principle is that all the Old Testament can be viewed as relating to Jesus not just those passages that directly address Jesus as Messiah. Given the Christological Approach to the Psalms, the five categories of the Psalms can be discerned. The information on the five categories of Psalms is summarized from materials presented by Dr. Gary Yates. Royal Psalms A Royal Psalm is about the historical king of that day but these Psalms also point to Jesus the Messiah. As a result, Royal Psalms are indirectly Messianic. According C. Hassell Bullock
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Modern Social Auditing and Assurance Services. Answer: Introduction The overall motive behind the development of this paper is getting to understand the effects of internet in the sale/purchase of products. Therefore, in this paper we will show the challenges emerging as a result of internet usage leading to risks in businesses. When risk develops managers tend to commit misstatements in financial statements to hide the companys reputation. Therefore, this paper will aim at developing ways in which an auditor can identify such risks. Usage of internet in purchase/selling of goods The usage of internet in business has paved the way for several pathway breaking innovations in daily business operations. Therefore, through internet business have been able to purchase and sell goods via a process known as e-commerce. Hence, E-commerce is perceived to be the use of electronic technology via the internet to conduct business operations (Boynton Johnson, 2006). Therefore, the internet is regarded as a good source where business can be conducted. Use f internet in purchase and sale of goods tends to have certain implications in business operations which are: The use of technology in the purchase of goods and services tends to increase the potential of small business operations reach new economic markets. Rather than the aspect of selling goods in the local market, small businesses are now able to reach the regional, national and international market which means the levels of growth and profits will increase (Cameron, 2007). The internet allows firms to develop their websites. Thus it becomes easy for customers to order online 24/7. Therefore, we could perceive that the internet provides ease advertisement of products increasing business market share. The Internet also tends to increase the productivity process of employees in daily business operation. This is viable as a result of computer programs and softwares which enhance purchase and selling of products. Hence, when purchasing and selling goods via the internet, it tends to reduce the amount of human capital that is needed in daily business operation, as the levels of efficiency among employees increases because of the availability of sufficient information. When purchasing/ selling goods via the internet there is the likelihood of insecurity issues emerging. At times online transactions tend to be risk inherent and there is no guarantee of security. Hence, shows that though there is success viability through internet usage. There is the likelihood of negative impacts emerging. We could, therefore, expect that through the internet there is the viability of effectiveness and efficiency in business or negative effects may emerge. Challenges/disadvantage of internet usage The Internet is regarded as an important tool that tends to enhance business operations. It has uniquely increased the viability of purchasing and selling goods via the online platform. Therefore, though we embrace the aspects of technology it also has certain aspects of negative disadvantages. Therefore, the risks businesses face when selling and purchasing products will be as discussed below. Firstly, when trying to sell and purchase products online, one needs adequate skills to keep check of the clients portals. Hence, this means that for a business with no adequate skills on how to run these systems, they quickly get filled up with chores and challenges as a result of the failed systems. Hence, this means that businesses will be unable to conduct their daily operations, in turn, the loss levels will escalate. Secondly, for the development of purchasing and selling portals for clients there needs to be adequate skilled personnel that can run the systems. It is noted that in such cases skilled personnel means expensive to pay for the human capital. Therefore, businesses suffer from high human capital needed so that there can be the viability of smooth running of the systems (Reding, 2007). Thirdly, the introduction of internet has eased the viability of purchase and sale of goods and services. From such a reason what becomes certain is that businesses have become productive. Hence, the increased levels of competitiveness mean that the level of competitiveness has been termed to be unfair because of internet advancement (Gay Simnett, 2012). This affects most businesses operations because they cant understand the best strategy to defeat their rivals. Lastly, when developing purchase and selling portals one requires to conduct an effective survey of the target market, hence this means that adequate planning is needed. Therefore, when businesses fail to properly plan there is the viability of failure in their business operations. Why risks develop fraud/misstatement in financial statements As outlined above businesses are vulnerable and whenever they suffer from a risk, the managers tend to fraud or embezzle the financial statements so as to make the company appear profitable which not the case. Hence, on the basis of our above discussion we could consider the fact selling and purchasing has created some opportunities. Here, if a firm has a weak internal control system, poor security over the business property or little fear exposure and likelihood of detection or there could be even unclear policies which result in unexpected behaviour (Knechel, 2007). Therefore, the creation of opportunity by the internet and firms which such weak system employees are likely to take any chance of committing fraud. From, this it is likely that there may be fraud in the accounting systems as a result of opportunities brought about by the internet. When purchasing/selling goods via the internet employees or managers may feel the need of rationalising, by rationalisation, we mean that they commit an act of fraud or misstatements convincing themselves that they have earned the money. Hence, the act of plundering amounts as rewards via the internet systems tends to affect firms discretion and loyalty. Therefore, we are likely to experience misstatements in financial statements, as a result of the development of these internet systems. When selling/ purchasing goods via the internet and conducting an audit there may be the development of inherent limitations, therefore when inherent limitation emerges as an auditor, it becomes hard to offer reasonable assurance of truth and fairness of the financial statement. In this case, auditors are unable to know if there are misstatements in the financial systems because of difficulty in knowing if the provided data is the correct (Scott Jacka, 2006). Therefore, based on the above discussion it becomes evident that selling/purchasing goods via the internet might also be a risk factor. How to identify risk/misstatements as an auditor As an auditor, the unique way of identifying fraud as indicated in above is by assessing the material misstatements through prioritisation. The ISA 315 Act states that risk identified tends to be significant as it requires special audit consideration. Therefore, in the identification of misstatement, it is just a matter of judgement as to whether the risk constituted is significant and matters such as complexity of transactions are dealt with (Leung, 2011). Therefore, whether there is the risk of fraud the participation of related parties and whether the transaction is from the outside normal course, this should be greatly considered. It is also recommended that when significant risks are identified in financial statements, there is the need of understanding the relevant control accounts activities. Hence, auditors response to the identified risk then aims at dealing with the actions that should be enhanced in relation to the misstatements identified (Louwers, 2005). On the other hand, if auditor aims at identifying misstatements through controls he must ensure that there is adequate testing and substantive procedures should be undertaken in response to the misstatements at assertion level. Another fact that auditors must consider is that of being reasonably assured. It is often recommended that when conducting an audit procedure ensures that you obtain a reasonable assurance in the financial files for the purpose of detecting fraud and misstatements in financial records (Eilifsen et al, 2014). Such an act tends to reduce instances of inherent limitations on auditors. Thus we would expect that the levels of fraud detection are high. Conclusion This paper tends to provide key insights of internet usage in the purchase/sales of products. As an auditor, the paper shows the viability that exist in internet usage and the challenges that may arise when using the internet in conduction of transactions. The paper also shows that risk develop due to internet usage and through this paper, it tends to provide auditors with the procedures that could be helpful in the identification of the risk pertained. References Messier, W. (2013).Mp auditing assurance services + acl software cd-rom: a systematic approach. [Place of publication not identified], Irwin Mcgraw-Hill. Cameron, R. (2007).Modern auditing assurance services: study guide. Milton, Qld, John Wiley Sons. Scott, P. R., Jacka, J. M. (2011).Auditing social media: a governance and risk guide. Hoboken, N.J., Wiley. Boynton, W. C., Johnson, R. N. (2006).Modern auditing: assurance services and the integrity of financial reporting. Hoboken, NJ, Wiley. Knechel, W. R. (2007).Auditing: assurance risk. Mason, OH, Thomson/South-Western. Reding, K. F. (2007).Internal auditing: assurance consulting services. Altomonte Springs, Fla, Institute of Internal Auditors, Research Foundation. Gay, G. E., Simnett, R. (2012).Auditing and assurance services in Australia. North Ryde, N.S.W., McGraw-Hill Education. Leung, P. (2011).Modern auditing assurance services. Milton, Qld, John Wiley. Louwers, T. J. (2005).Auditing and assurance services. New York, McGraw-Hill. Eilifsen, A., Messier, J., William F., Glover, S. M., Prawitt, D. F. (2014).Auditing assurance services. London, McGraw-Hill.
Sunday, April 19, 2020
Jazz History of Jazz and Classical Music Upon entering a modern record store, one is confronted with a wide variety of choices in recorded music. These choices not only include a multitude of artists, but also a wide diversity of music categories. These categories run the gamut from easy listening dance music to more complex art music. On the complex side of the scale are the categories known as Jazz and Classical music. Some of the most accomplished musicians of our time have devoted themselves to a lifelong study of Jazz or Classical music, and a few exceptional musicians have actually mastered both. A comparison of classical and Jazz music will yield some interesting results and could also lead to an appreciation of the abilities needed to perform or compose these kinds of music. Let's begin with a look at the histories of the two. The music called classical, found in stores and performed regularly by symphonies around the world, spans a length of time from 1600 up to the present. This time frame includes the Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic and Contemporary periods. The classical period of music actually spans a time from of 1750 to 1800; thus, the term Classical is a misnomer and could more correctly be changed to Western Art Music or European Art Music. European because most of the major composers up till the 20th century were European. Vivaldi was Italian, Bach was German, Mozart and Beethoven were Austrian; they are some of the more prominent composers. Not until the twentieth century with Gershwin and a few others do we find American composers writing this kind of art music. For the sake of convention, we can refer to Western Art Music as Classical music. Jazz is a distinctively American form of music, and it's history occupies a much smaller span of time. Its origins are found in the early 1900s as some dance band leaders in the southern U.S. began playing music that combined ragtime and blues. Early exponents of this dance music were Jelly Roll Martin (a blues player) and Scott Joplin (ragtime). The terms Jazz and Jazz Band first surfaced in the year 1900. Some say this occurred in New Orleans, although similar music was played at the same time in other places. The most prominent exponents of this early music, called Dixieland Jazz, included Louis Armstrong and Sidney Bechet. After World War I, Jazz music had evolved and was aided by the development of the recording industry. The small dance band ensemble grew into the larger orchestra known as the Big Band. The music of the Big Bands became known as Swing. Two of the more famous Swing band leaders were Tommy Dorsey and Harry James. In the late 40s and through the 50s, a different kind of Jazz became popular. This music, played by a very small ensemble, was much more sophisticated and complex . Its rich harmonic changes and melodic counterpoint were not conducive to dance. It became known as Bop, with Charlie Parker and Dizzie Gillespie being the early proponents. In the last twenty years there has been a combination of Jazz with popular music of the US and Latin America. This modern Jazz music has been called Fusion. Present day exponents include Pat Metheny and Chic Corea. There has also been a return to the sound of Bop in the last ten years by such musicians as trumpeter Winton Marsalis and his brother Branford, a saxophonist. Let's focus on the instrumentation of the two kinds of music. In Classical music, both large orchestras and small ensembles are used. But generally, the greatest and most prominent compositions are for the larger symphony orchestra. The largest part of the orchestra is the string section consisting of violins, violas, cellos and string basses. These instruments were invented very early in medieval times but really matured into their present form during the late 18th century. The wind instruments, comprised of brass and woodwinds, took longer to mature. The brass section in particular did not posses the ability to play chromatically (in all keys) until the advent of valves which allowed the length of the instrument to be changed while playing. This occurred around the middle to late 19th century. Consequently, the brass instruments
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Formation of the Delian League in Ancient History Several Ionian cities joined together in the Delian LeagueÃ for mutual protection against the Persians. They placed Athens at the head (as hegemon) because of her naval supremacy. This free confederation (symmachia) of autonomous cities, founded in 478 B.C., consisted of representatives, an admiral, and treasurers appointed by Athens. It was called the Delian League because its treasury was located atÃ Delos. History Formed in 478 B.C., the Delian League was an alliance of mainly coastal and Aegean city-states against Persia at a time when Greece feared Persia might attack again. Its goal was to make Persia pay and to free the Greeks under Persian dominion. The league morphed into the Athenian Empire that opposed the Spartan allies in the Peloponnesian War. After the Persian Wars, which included Xerxes invasion by land at the Battle of Thermopylae (the setting for the graphic novel-based movie ), the various Hellenic poleis (city-states) divided into opposing sides ranged around Athens and Sparta, and fought the Peloponnesian War. This enervating war was a major turning point in Greek history since in the following century, the city-states were no longer strong enough to stand up to the Macedonians under Philip and his son Alexander the Great. These Macedonians adopted one of the aims of the Delian League: to make Persia pay. Strength is what the poleis had been seeking when they turned to Athens to form the Delian League. Mutual Protection Following Hellenic victory at the Battle of Salamis, during the Persian Wars, Ionian cities joined together in the Delian League for mutual protection. The league was meant to be offensive as well as defensive: to have the same friends and enemies (typical terms for an alliance formed for this dual purpose [Larsen]), with secession forbidden. The member poleis placed Athens at the head (hegemon) because of her naval supremacy. Many of the Greek cities were annoyed with the tyrannical behavior of the Spartan commander Pausanias, who had been leader of the Greeks during the Persian War. Thucydides Book 1.96 on the formation of the Delian League 96. When the Athenians had thus gotten the command by the confederates own accord for the hatred they bare to Pausanias, they then set down an order which cities should contribute money for this war against the barbarians, and which galleys. For they pretended to repair the injuries they had suffered by laying waste the territories of the king.  And then first came up amongst the Athenians the office of treasurers of Greece, who were receivers of the tribute, for so they called this money contributed. And the first tribute that was taxed came to four hundred and sixty talents. The treasury was at Delos, and their meetings were kept there in the temple. Members of the Delian League In The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War (1989), author-historian Donald Kagan says the members included about 20 members from the Greek islands, 36 Ionian city-states, 35 from the Hellespont, 24 from around Caria, and 33 from around Thrace, making it primarily an organization of the Aegean islands and coast. This free confederation (symmachia) of autonomous cities, consisted of representatives, an admiral, and financial officers/treasurers (hellenotamiai) appointed by Athens. It was called the Delian League because its treasury was located at Delos. An Athenian leader, Aristides, initially assessed the allies in the Delian League 460 talents, probably annually [Rhodes] (there is some question about the amount and people assessed [Larsen]), to be paid to the treasury, either in cash or warships (triremes). This assessment is referred to as phoros that which is brought or tribute. 23.5 Hence it was Aristeides who assessed the tributes of the allied states on the first occasion, two years after the naval battle of Salamis, in the archonship of Timosthenes, and who administered the oaths to the Ionians when they swore to have the same enemies and friends, ratifying their oaths by letting the lumps of iron sink to the bottom out at sea. - Aristotle Ath. Pol. 23.5 Athenian Supremacy For 10 years, the Delian League fought to rid Thrace and the Aegean of Persian strongholds and piracy. Athens, which continued to demand financial contributions or ships from its allies, even when fighting was no longer necessary, became more and more powerful as her allies became poorer and weaker. In 454, the treasury was moved to Athens. Animosity developed, but Athens would not permit the formerly free cities to secede. The enemies of Pericles were crying out how that the commonwealth of Athens had lost its reputation and was ill-spoken of abroad for removing the common treasure of the Greeks from the isle of Delos into their own custody; and how that their fairest excuse for so doing, namely, that they took it away for fear the barbarians should seize it, and on purpose to secure it in a safe place, this Pericles had made unavailable, and how that Greece cannot but resent it as an insufferable affront, and consider herself to be tyrannized over openly, when she sees the treasure, which was contributed by her upon a necessity for the war, wantonly lavished out by us upon our city, to gild her all over, and to adorn and set her forth, as it were some vain woman, hung round with precious stones and figures and temples, which cost a world of money. Pericles, on the other hand, informed the people, that they were in no way obliged to give any account of those moneys to their allies, so long as they maintained their defense, and kept off the barbarians from attacking them. - Plutarchs Life of Pericles The Peace of Callias, in 449, between Athens and Persia, put an end to the rationale for the Delian League, since there should have been peace, but Athens by then had a taste for power and the Persians started supporting the Spartans to Athens detriment [Flower]. End of the Delian League The Delian League was broken up when Sparta captured Athens in 404. This was a terrible time for many in Athens. The victors razed the great walls linking the city to her harbor city of Piraeus; Athens lose her colonies, and most of her navy, and then submitted to the reign of the Thirty Tyrants. An Athenian league was later revived in 378-7 to protect against Spartan aggression and survived until Philip II of Macedons victory at Chaeronea (in Boeotia, where Plutarch would later be born). Terms to Know hegemonia leadership.Hellenic Greek.Hellenotamiai treasurers, Athenian financial officers.Peloponnesian League modern term for the military alliance of the Lacedaemonians and their allies.symmachia a treaty where the signers agree to fight for one another. Sources Starr, Chester G. A History of the Ancient World. Oxford University Press, 1991.Kagan, Donald. The Outbreak of the Peloponnesian War. Cornell University Press, 2013.Holden, Hubert Ashton, Plutarchs Life of Perciles, Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, 1895.Lewis, David Malcolm. The Cambridge Ancient History Volume 5: The Fifth Century BC., Boardman, John, Davies, J.K., Ostwald, M., Cambridge University Press, 1992.Larsen, J. A. O. Ã¢â¬Å"The Constitution and Original Purpose of the Delian League.Ã¢â¬ Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, vol. 51, 1940, p. 175.Sabin, Philip, International Relations in Greece, the Hellenistic World and the Rise of Rome, Hall, Jonathan M., Van Wees, Hans, Whitby, Michael, Cambridge University Press, 2007.Flower, Michael A. From Simonides to Isocrates: The Fifth-Century Origins of Fourth-Century Panhellenism, Classical Antiquity, Vol. 19, No. 1 (Apr. 2000), pp. 65-101.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Illegal Immigration in Morocco and Libya - Research Paper Example ng the stakeholders involved, effects on human rights, effects the nations of Europe and their overall economic development, and what steps can be taken to rectify these problems. Through such an examination, it is the hope of this author that the reader can come to a more informed understanding of the unique determinants of illegal immigration from North Africa and the means through which Europe can seek to counter this destabilizing influence upon its future development. It does not take a great deal of careful consideration to realize the fact that countless tens of thousands of individuals each and every year risk their lives in whatever material possessions they might have in a desperate bid to enter southern Europe by. Whereas there are many different routes through which this might be accomplished, two of the most common and utilized routes for entering Europe illegally from Africa are via the coast of Morocco and the Libyan port city of Benghazi. Furthermore, although it might be convenient to understand all forms of African immigration into Europe in terms of a generic or similar pattern, the fact of the matter is that the differential between these two ports of entry not be more stark. As a function of seeking to analyze differential to a more full and complete degree, the following analysis will engage the reader with the unique dynamics that separate these two illegal immigration terminals. Before delving headlong into an analysis between these two potential ports of illegal entry into the European Union, it is first necessary to reference the different stakeholders involved. Firstly, and most obviously, the immigrants and it would be themselves are those who were at the most risk within the situation at hand. Secondly, another of culpable stakeholders involved those individuals, games, crime syndicates, and not portions of governance within the nations in question that actively promote and encourage this traffic as a means of enriching themselves.